Turkey and the Kurds

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On 16 November the Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan welcomed the leader of Iraqi Kurdistan Masud Barzani in a ground-breaking visit to the Kurdish heartland of Diyarbakir in south-eastern Turkey. In unprecedented conciliatory language both leaders called for peace between Turks and Kurds. However the ceasefire between Kurdish PKK fighters inside Turkey called by the …

France, Iran and the Arabs

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When the P5 +1 talks with Iran ended on 9 November without full agreement (but with agreement to resume on 20 November) the media reported a split between France and the other Western powers, although this was not confirmed in statements by John Kerry, William Hague, Catherine Ashton etc. The French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius told …

Egypt: steadying

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Little recent violence has been reported in Egypt. Standard & Poor’s has raised its sovereign credit rating for Egypt to B-/B from CCC+/C. We thank Beltone Research for information on political developments. Parliamentary elections will be held in February or March 2014, with presidential polls held in early summer. The Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), the political arm …

Iran negotiations: tempers flare

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The P5 +1 negotiations with Iran on the nuclear issue reconvene on 20 November in Geneva. The White House told the BBC on 14 November that a deal was extremely close and the US was willing to offer a "modest degree of relief" from sanctions in exchange for the beginning of a rollback of Iran's nuclear programme, …

Iraq: going downhill

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The BBC reports that at least 41 people have been killed in attacks targeting Shia Muslims on the festival of Ashura, and also that Sunni Muslims are being driven out of areas such as the al-Zubair district of Basra. According to the UN there are more than 1.1 million internally displaced people with traditionally mixed areas like al-Zubair …

Mauritania

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With a population of nearly three and a half million, one of the poorest countries in Africa (despite having some oil and abundant mineral resources), is a member of the Arab league and has recently had a slightly raised profile because of concern about security in the Sahara and Sahel countries. President Muhammad Ould Abd al-Aziz came to power …

Russia and the Middle East

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Since the end of the Soviet Union Russia has not played a major role in the region. But as a permanent member of the Security Council and a close neighbour it cannot avoid involvement in the region's problems even should it wish do so. Examples are the preparations for Geneva II on Syria, and the current …

Détente with Iran: the impact

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Although the Geneva talks between Iran and the P5 +1 ended without agreement, the main participants have emphasised that it was extremely close. There are conflicting reports on exactly why and who was responsible for the failure to reach agreement, with some fingers pointed at the French: according to John Kerry “progress was made. The P5+1 was united”, but “Iran couldn’t take it at that particular moment; they weren’t able to accept that particular agreement.” Another meeting has been fixed for 20 November. Britain is reviving diplomatic relations two …

Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the Gulf: Labour conditions

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Since our posting of 28 September working conditions of foreign labour in Qatar have continued to attract criticism, kept in the headlines by reports of preparations for the football World Cup in 2022 and more recently by visits by an international labour delegation and by François Crépeau, the UN Special Rapporteur on the …

The Muslim Brotherhood: Egypt and elsewhere

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The Muslim Brotherhood has supporters throughout the Arab world (and elsewhere – Turkey, Pakistan), although many even of those who believe in a political role for Islam have turned against it both because of the incompetence and arrogance of the government of President Mursi and because some of its religious teaching is perceived as innovation …