Some quarter of a million Bidoons (residents without citizenship) in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the UAE face discrimination. Moves for reform in Kuwait. Some given fictional Comorian nationality.
Mayoral elections do not go Erdoğan’s way, his first experience of the tendency of the democratic pendulum to swing. A test for Turkish democracy.
Haftar’s forces face resistance around Tripoli. International condemnation but some external support for Haftar continues.
Haftar moves against Tripoli.
Annual Arab League summit the usual muddle, given some purpose by the need to badmouth US policy.
Libya – Haftar strengthens his position, especially in the south, but faces opposition of uncertain strength. UN continues to work for elections.
Syria- IS fighting in the last ditch, outside powers manoeuvring for advantage.
Locust swarms around the Red Sea and across Arabia may cause serious harm depending on the next three months.
Yemen – the Stockholm ceasefire holding. Opposition to the war in Washington and London.
Morocco withdraws ambassadors from Saudi Arabia and UAE “for consultations”.