For Arab states, controlling their borders is often a challenging business. Cross-border cooperation and physical measures, aided by the latest technology, may help. Beggar-my-neighbour policies certainly won’t.
The Eid holiday likely to begin on 15 June and lasts several days. A happy religious and secular occasion with a mix of traditional and modern.
Municipal elections in Tunisia produce a balanced result, but with a low turnout. Islamists and nationalists may continue to cooperate.
Despite some decline in its relative contribution to Arab economies, agriculture remains important in both economic and social terms. Improved management, less bureaucracy and better access to markets could make it more so.
The Madkhali movement, “quietist salafist” – its Saudi origin, its doctrines, its influence especially in North Africa.
Behind Tunisia’s economic problems is the failure of the President and the political elite to use their constitutional powers for a national effort to rebuild the economy.
Chronic discontent in Tunisia erupted this week, spreading from one small town to the whole country. Some violence, hundreds arrested. The causes: political, social, economic. More clashes likely on Sunday.
Protests continue in Jerada, in Morocco’s poor north-east, despite government attempts to placate angry residents. Opening the border with Algeria would help but this isn’t in prospect at the moment.
Reform in Tunisia has a long history, going back to the pre-French 19th century and earlier, and developed after independence under Bourguiba until Ben Ali’s takeover in 1987. An anomaly in the Arab world.
Tunisia is rich in diverse cultures, religions and races which has made it one of the most open-minded countries in the region. Yet resistance to plurality remains, in particular among Islamist groups.