Heroin mostly enters the Arab world from Afghanistan via Iran enroute to markets in Europe. Arab countries close to the main smuggling routes are the most impacted by the trade. The Syrian war has led traffickers to re-route heroin shipments via the Black Sea and Africa.
With the US pivoting to Asia, the actions of regional players may be the key to helping to stabilise the Middle East.
Summary: the Middle East and North Africa is a crucial battleground in the global struggle to contain the damage climate change is inflicting but time is fast running out for countries in the region to take concerted action.
Arab Digest · Syria and a way to end the war
Opportunity beckons for a MENA regional security initiative but it requires a leadership role from the GCC.
Arab Digest · America and the road out of Iraq
A massive container ship blocks the Suez canal for 6 days causing one of the biggest disruptions to trade in recent years; it should also set off alarm bells about regional and global security.
Arab Digest · Stepping Stones to a Secure Middle East
Concern is growing that ISIS will use Ramadan to launch new attacks and expand its military operations in Syria and Iraq.
Arab Digest · The Gulf to America: we don't need you like we used to need you