Summary: locust swarms around the Red Sea and across Arabia may cause serious harm depending on the next three months.
Sectarianism in conflicts in the Middle East: sectarianism is a symptom of the problem, not the underlying problem itself. Many of the region’s conflicts are more about ethnic identity and nationalism, but Arab dictators use sectarianism to bolster their positions.
Summary: mainly non-violent protests continue almost daily. Government hot and cold. Major peace agreement for CAR initialled in Khartoum.
Summary: protests continue to grow. Economic grievances develop to “down, that’s it”. Change now or at elections in 2020?
Summary: three weeks of protests more widespread and numerous than previously. Teargas and live ammunition cause some casualties but protests continue.
Summary: trial of 11 unnamed persons for the Khashoggi murder begins. Any stick will now do to beat Saudi Arabia.
Summary: huge decline since 1990 in FGM in Africa where it is most prevalent. Information about the Middle East remains scanty.
Summary: old genocide charge unresolved, but conflicts reduced and security improving. US warming up relations.
Summary: floods throughout the region this month causing death and destruction.
Summary: cabinet cut from 31 to 21 members as Sudan faces severe economic problems. Deals with Turkey and China. Torrential rains.