Competing ideas for increased security in the Gulf “tinderbox”. UK under Johnson backs the US. Legal considerations.
Libya – deaths since April pass 1,000. France admits involvement with Haftar’s forces.
Libya – stalemate, but a success by the Tripoli forces provokes action by Haftar which could amount to a war crime. More evidence that the UAE and Turkey are involved in a proxy war. US no policy.
Bahrain workshop on the economic tranche of the deal of the century a near flop. Next stage uncertain.
Syria – fighting continues, mainly in and around Idlib between the Syrian army and jihadis. International complications.
Morocco’s right to exploit the resources of the Western Sahara is contested by Polisario and its supporters. Elsewhere on the Atlantic littoral, Mauritania has cooperated successfully with Senegal over shared water and gas resources.
Sudan – 60 demonstrators killed, talks between the military and the protesters stalled.
Syria – IS eliminated as a territory. Regime still seeking full control, but (about) five other armies have their own agendas.
Haftar’s offensive halted around Tripoli. A Trump bombshell.
Haftar’s forces face resistance around Tripoli. International condemnation but some external support for Haftar continues.