Iranian tanker reportedly attacked off Jedda, but facts and responsibility unclear. More US forces to Saudi Arabia.
Haftar’s military operation to take Tripoli seems to have failed. His foreign supporters. Need for an international conference and a political solution.
Houthis claim the attack on Saudi oil facilities, Pompeo blames Iran, Trump hesitant. A major blow.
Erdoğan/Putin rapprochement – Turkey slipping away from the West, but in Syria losing ground to Asad backed by Moscow.
Competing ideas for increased security in the Gulf “tinderbox”. UK under Johnson backs the US. Legal considerations.
Libya – deaths since April pass 1,000. France admits involvement with Haftar’s forces.
Libya – stalemate, but a success by the Tripoli forces provokes action by Haftar which could amount to a war crime. More evidence that the UAE and Turkey are involved in a proxy war. US no policy.
Bahrain workshop on the economic tranche of the deal of the century a near flop. Next stage uncertain.
Syria – fighting continues, mainly in and around Idlib between the Syrian army and jihadis. International complications.
Morocco’s right to exploit the resources of the Western Sahara is contested by Polisario and its supporters. Elsewhere on the Atlantic littoral, Mauritania has cooperated successfully with Senegal over shared water and gas resources.