resets Turkish government, with power moving to the executive presidency. Activity at home and abroad. Turkey ” great and strong” but can he get what he wants from Trump? EU and others react cautiously.
For Arab states, controlling their borders is often a challenging business. Cross-border cooperation and physical measures, aided by the latest technology, may help. Beggar-my-neighbour policies certainly won’t.
Kuwait supporting Saudi Arabia, for example over oil production, but with some reservations and with an eye on other alliances. Spat with the Philippines over expat workers.
Bahrain dependent on Saudi Arabia and UAE support. Human rights – mixed picture. Trial balloon on Israel.
Tunisia cooperating with the IMF, rewarded with a World Bank loan. Political infighting, drawn into the Qatar vs. four dispute.
different from oil. Vitally important to some MENA economies – Qatar, Algeria, Oman, Bahrain, Egypt.
Turkey moves to presidential system. Odds on AKP victory, but opposition in with a chance. Importance for the Arab world.
Qatar vs. the four: no sign of compromise. The dispute static but not safe, and causing harm. The four have won no friends.
Protest takes the form of a mass boycott of some consumer products of which prices have risen. Relations broken with Iran, cooperation with Qatar.
Conditions for expat workers in the Gulf approach slave labour. ILO has accepted that measures taken by Qatar amount to real improvement.