Pompeo will face some difficult issues in Beirut: Hizbullah, maritime border with Israel, EastMed pipeline, Syrian refugees.
UK lines up with Israel on Hizbullah. Some downside, possible domestic political advantage.
Lebanon – Hariri forms a government, the usual coalition tilted slightly more than before towards Hizbullah. US murmurings.
Lebanon – still no government. Protests grow at failure of the political class. Competing Qatari and Saudi offers of financial support do not solve the problem.
Lebanon – still no sign of a government following the election in May 2018. Tunnelling on the Israeli border could be a warning of something much worse.
US halts support for UNRWA. UNRWA and its activities. Likely political consequences.
Lebanon’s internal complications multiplied by external interference. US exclusion of Hizbullah. Burden of Syrian and Palestinian refugees.
As the Syrian war ends, Syria’s role in Lebanon reasserted. Russia supports return of refugees to Syria, accuses US of stalling.
Arab states with Mediterranean coastlines have claimed various forms of jurisdiction over the sea lying off their coasts. On occasion, this has caused disputes between them and their neighbours. Some of these disputes have been resolved through the ICJ; others have yet to be resolved and are complicated by existing political conflicts.
Israel’s borders with three of its five Arab neighbours remain to be agreed. In the case of the Palestinians, they might never be.