Syria – IS eliminated as a territory. Regime still seeking full control, but (about) five other armies have their own agendas.
Sudan – military and protesters still negotiating future pattern of rule. Severe economic problems.
Some quarter of a million Bidoons (residents without citizenship) in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the UAE face discrimination. Moves for reform in Kuwait. Some given fictional Comorian nationality.
With its usual problems plus over a million Syrian refugees Jordan needs support. Some positive developments in the region.
GCC summit in Riyadh solves no problems but keeps the show on the road. MBS turns up at last.
A number of instances showing respect by Muslims for other religions. A 21st-century development.
Huge decline since 1990 in FGM in Africa where it is most prevalent. Information about the Middle East remains scanty.
Qatar: no movement on the dispute with the four. Increasing Qatari confidence, outward investment, arms purchases. Mediation going nowhere, but Qatar itself a mediator.
The Fourth Industrial Revolution impacts on every country in the Arab world but policymaking in response to new fintech like blockchain and cryptocurrencies varies widely.
Iraq and the six GCC states share the Gulf with Iran and with each other. In many cases, maritime boundaries between them have been agreed; in other cases, disputes remain. Where offshore oil and gas deposits do not fall neatly under the sovereignty of one state, cooperative arrangements have often been instituted.