A small Bedouin village near Jerusalem, facing demolition by Israel, puts European policy in a fix.
Arab states with Mediterranean coastlines have claimed various forms of jurisdiction over the sea lying off their coasts. On occasion, this has caused disputes between them and their neighbours. Some of these disputes have been resolved through the ICJ; others have yet to be resolved and are complicated by existing political conflicts.
Libyan oil exports resumed. Political settlement elusive, economic potential real. Key players Sanalla, Haftar, Salamé. Role for UK.
Yemen war deadlocked. Those doing the fighting mainly Yemenis and African mercenaries. Vast Saudi and UAE arms purchases from US and Europe despite increasing resistance.
Saudi and UAE money for Sahel force with troops from five sub-Saharan states backed by the UN with French leadership to fight jihadists in the Sahara.
Shocking accounts of the suffering of migrants in Libya, now even sold as slaves. Mafia links and a possible Maltese connection.
Final chapter in forthcoming e-book considers what will happen when the Saudi and Egyptian regimes fall and the West’s struggle against Jihad.
The western Mediterranean migration route from Morocco to Spain is less heavily trafficked than its central/Libyan counterpart. But the numbers are increasing. Morocco, having become a destination as well as a transit country, has changed its policy towards migrants accordingly.
EU and African leaders meeting at a mini-summit in Paris have announced new measures to tackle the migrant crisis in the central Mediterranean. Attempts by migrants to reach Europe via Libya have slowed somewhat but the relationship between Libya, Italy and NGOs acting to rescue migrants have become more complicated.
Libya: strength of Haftar’s position exaggerated in recent propaganda. Views of head of Russian Libya contact group.