Heroin mostly enters the Arab world from Afghanistan via Iran enroute to markets in Europe. Arab countries close to the main smuggling routes are the most impacted by the trade. The Syrian war has led traffickers to re-route heroin shipments via the Black Sea and Africa.
Arab Digest · The Kurds of Iraq and Syria
Arab Digest · Mosul
Summary: the Middle East and North Africa is a crucial battleground in the global struggle to contain the damage climate change is inflicting but time is fast running out for countries in the region to take concerted action.
Opportunity beckons for a MENA regional security initiative but it requires a leadership role from the GCC.
Arab Digest · America and the road out of Iraq
Arab Digest · Stepping Stones to a Secure Middle East
Concern is growing that ISIS will use Ramadan to launch new attacks and expand its military operations in Syria and Iraq.
Arab Digest · The Gulf to America: we don't need you like we used to need you
We conclude our look at the Airwars 2020 Report on civilian harm caused by air and artillery attacks with Iraq, Libya and Yemen.