Some quarter of a million Bidoons (residents without citizenship) in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the UAE face discrimination. Moves for reform in Kuwait. Some given fictional Comorian nationality.
Sudan – large-scale protests. Some apparent support for them from the army. Women prominent.
Morocco’s tiff with Saudi Arabia over. Pope’s visit demonstrates religious tolerance but causes some controversy.
Saudi Arabia – the women activists and Khashoggi trials cast a long shadow.
Saudi Arabia shoots itself in the foot, bringing 10 women to trial for promoting lifting the ban on women driving.
Saudi Arabia – unrelenting international criticism even from those normally most friendly. Unconfirmed reports of goings-on in the family.
Eight years after the Arab Spring and overthrow of Mubarak human rights abuses in Egypt by most measures worse than before. Macron dares to criticise.
A number of instances showing respect by Muslims for other religions. A 21st-century development.
Jordan – continuing protests over austerity and corruption. Remains a significant regional player. MBS doesn’t come.
The Hedges case is symptomatic of the increasing risks of and restrictions on scholarly research in the Middle East.