Egypt and Ethiopia have reached an understanding on the filling of the reservoir behind the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam. A final agreement could be signed by the end of this month.
The proxy war in Libya is heating up as Turkish president Erdogan makes good on a promise to commit Turkish troops to the defence of the Tripoli-based GNA.
2019 has seen the biggest protests in the MENA region since 2011 together with ongoing wars, escalating tensions and economic and political insecurity.
Egypt – peaceful protest continued in the second week but has been crushed. Government concessions on austerity and restoring subsidies though limited will alarm foreign investors and the IMF. No effective external support for the protests.
Some Arab regimes have continued to develop their relations with Israel despite the latter’s conduct towards the Palestinians. But there’s a limit to how far they will go.
Haftar’s military operation to take Tripoli seems to have failed. His foreign supporters. Need for an international conference and a political solution.
Small numbers in Cairo and elsewhere protest against Sisi and corruption. Active social media background.
Haftar’s LNA remains stuck around Tripoli. More bloodshed, but not comparable with true civil war. International community ineffective.
Sudan – despite some continuing violence formal agreement reached between the military and protesters. Bashir on trial.
Editor’s note: Arab Digest is taking a couple of weeks’ summer break. We will resume publication after the Eid al-Adha holiday, probably 15 August.further work on the 17 July agreement delayed by killings including four schoolchildren – now resuming. Since agreement was reached on 17 July between the Transitional Military Council (TMC) and the civilian protesters represented by the Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC) (our posting of 18 July) it has been shaken by events but not, it appears, knocked off course. A Reuters report of 30 July summarises …