Ethiopia will soon begin the second filling of the reservoir behind its huge dam on the Blue Nile, with no agreement with Egypt and Sudan in place (or in prospect).
After decades when very little happened, climate change has pushed a massive project to halt Sahelian desertification to the top of the priority list with Mauritania playing a lead role.
UN-backed ceasefire in Hudaida continues, but progress is slow.
Huge decline since 1990 in FGM in Africa where it is most prevalent. Information about the Middle East remains scanty.
Most of the maritime boundaries in the Red Sea have been delimited through negotiations or arbitration. The main current dispute is between Egypt and Sudan.
The Fourth Industrial Revolution impacts on every country in the Arab world but policymaking in response to new fintech like blockchain and cryptocurrencies varies widely.
Dubai Ports terminal in Djibouti seized by the government. DP sells a part stake in Berbera port to Ethiopia. Background is Qatar vs. four dispute.
Freedom of navigation through the Bab al-Mandab is important to the trade in oil, LNG, foodstuffs and manufactured goods between Europe and Asia. Vessels passing through the strait continue to be at risk of attack.
China, USA, UAE and others building up their presence in the Horn of Africa – why?
UAE naval base at Berbera, its second on the African coast. Saudi base planned in Djibouti. Yemen war one among several reasons.